Question 1

According to research, pessimists have been shown to:

[removed] be mentally healthier than optimists.
[removed] have more effective immune systems than optimists.
[removed] have lower blood pressures than optimists.
[removed] have none of the above advantages.

Question 2

The process of __________ focuses on modifying the thoughts, ideas, and beliefs that maintain our problems.

[removed] empowerment
[removed] self-actualization
[removed] cognitive restructuring
[removed] counterconditioning

Question 3

People with low self-esteem are more likely to:

[removed] possess hardiness.
[removed] possess negative self-illusions.
[removed] set moderately challenging goals.
[removed] give positive regard to others.

Question 4

__________ involves dealing with a stressor that is reasonably certain to occur in the near future; while __________ involves dealing with uncertain stressors in the distant future.

[removed] Reactive coping; anticipatory coping
[removed] Reactive coping; preventative coping
[removed] Anticipatory coping; preventative coping
[removed] Preventative coping; anticipatory coping

Question 5

The two types of proactive coping include:

[removed] reactive coping and anticipatory coping.
[removed] reactive coping and preventative coping.
[removed] retroactive coping and reactive coping.
[removed] anticipatory coping and preventative coping.

Question 6

According to research, emotion-focused coping is:

[removed] more effective than problem-focused coping in the long-term.
[removed] just as effective as problem-focused coping in dealing with chronic stress.
[removed] sometimes effective in the short term.
[removed] never effective and leads to rumination.

Question 7

___________ is the process in which individuals’ muscular or visceral activities are monitored by instruments and then, with this information, the individuals learn to control these involuntary functions.

[removed] Transcendental meditation
[removed] Biofeedback
[removed] Awareness technology
[removed] Assertiveness training

Question 8

What is the main reason for collecting data before you develop your self-control program?

[removed] The data collected provides a baseline from which your progress can be evaluated.
[removed] It provides practice for data collection later in the program.
[removed] Data collection can help focus attention on the problem.
[removed] Data collection helps people to learn to engage in self-talk.

Question 9

Meditation, relaxation techniques, and biofeedback are three techniques that have been used in ____________ programs.

[removed] stress management
[removed] cognitive therapy
[removed] aversion therapy
[removed] self-efficacy training

Question 10

A program offered at the university assists students in developing skills they need to control their own lives.  The program gives students increased:

[removed] empowerment.
[removed] disinhibition.
[removed] emotion-focused coping.
[removed] deindividuation.

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