Biology And Technology In The Real World

DUE April 26, 2015

Written Assignment: Biology and Technology in the Real World

Addresses course outcomes 1-4:

·         recognize and explain how the scientific method is used to solve problems

·         make observations and discriminate between scientific and pseudoscientific explanations

·         weigh evidence and make decisions based on strengths and limitations of scientific knowledge and the scientific method

·         use knowledge of biological principles, the scientific method, and appropriate technologies to ask relevant questions, develop hypotheses, design and conduct experiments, interpret results, and draw conclusions

1. Select one of the topics listed below.

2. Find at least two information sources related to the topic.

3. Write a 750-1500 word paper, excluding references and title page. You must read the information sources that you find and summarize the information in your own words, addressing each of the questions and expectations for your chosen topic. Extensive quotes from the article are discouraged. Use APA style for citing references

4. Post your assignment to your Assignments folder by the due date listed in the course schedule.

Topics (select one)

a) Genetically modified organisms (GMOs). What is the purpose genetic engineering of crop plants and domestic animals? Briefly explain how GMOs are created. What foods in your supermarket contain GMOs? Are foods that contain GMOs safe for human consumption? What types of regulations exist for these foods? Clearly explain your reasoning for each answer. The following website from FDA regarding GMO regulation may be helpful: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm352067.htm

b) Stem cells. Your friend had a spinal cord injury after a bad car accident. The medical team has decided that he is a good candidate for a clinical trial using stem cell therapy. Your friend has not had a biology course since high school, so you decide to write him a letter sharing your knowledge of stem cells. Include in your letter a description of the biology of stem cells and how these cells are unique from other cells. Contrast the different types of stem cells, including pros and cons of each. Explain how stems cells are can be used to treat diseases and injury, with special focus on spinal cord injuries. Conclude with your own opinion. The following website from NIH regarding stem cell research will be very helpful: http://stemcells.nih.gov/index.asp.

c) Fracking (hydraulic fracturing) and tar sands (oil sands).  With society’s dependence on nonrenewable fossil fuels, the oil & gas industry is turning to the use of hydraulic fracturing and tar (oil) sands to extract natural gas and oil respectively.  A friend asks you “What’s all this controversy in the news about fracking and tar sands?”  Briefly explain to your friend how hydraulic fracturing and tar (oil) sands are used to obtain these fossil fuels. Then, in more detail, describe the environmental problems that may result from these processes and why they are controversial. Issues that may be addressed involves, but are not limited to, water, air and soil pollution, effects on human health, effects on other species and natural ecosystems. Finally, give your opinions on possible solutions to these environmental problems, with your reasoning backed by the references that you studied. The following websites from EPA may be helpful: http://www2.epa.gov/hydraulicfracturing

DQ102 RESPONSE

Anne Kolsky    3 posts   Re: Topic 10 DQ 2  Importance of EBP for BSN-RN  Sustainability of evidence-based practice has waned. One thing I have noticed in my workplace is that people (including myself) tend to take the path of least resistance. “It’s easier to…” My mentor and I have had many conversations about this. It’s easier to just give a ‘Band-Aid or bag of ice’ then take the time to assess the situation and treat appropriately. Another example, comparing my last workplace to current, one striking difference is stock medications. We did not give out or stock any kind of medication in the former. My new workplace not only stocks but does not require a doctor’s order to administer. Although it is more work, I insist on an order for stock medications. I also call the parent before giving, as appropriate. It is my license and it is for the safety of the students that are at stake.  I have already had conversations with staff and nursing staff about these practices.  Although they know the risks, they are choosing to keep status quo for themselves.  Of 6 nurses on staff, there is one other that holds similar practice.  She stated at our last meeting that “Kids come down asking for a Tylenol, just to get out of class.”  She made it clear that without an order and parent permission, she will not give out any medications.     Another difference noted is charting practices. Currently, other nurses use a one word drop down menu to chart. SOAP notes are not done consistently. I will continue to make notes. I will continue to chart more fully. It has saved my skin more than once when a student, a teacher, or even a parent will claim that “the nurse didn’t do anything.” It gives such good data for what is trending with that student, why wouldn’t one want to do that? I understand that the office is super busy, but so is the courtroom. I’m not here to make friends, I’m here to do my job.   Another practice I will continue to implement, but with a new perspective, are the various screenings given to students. I will make a more concerted effort to make sure the student and family is aware of all the services available. In my former workplace, I compiled a list of resources for families. I need to make a new one for this community. I have a new perspective towards screenings and a fuller understanding of how important these are in the bigger picture.  In the study by Meyer, et al., (2019) of 1,600 clinicians only 51 reported no obstacles to implementing new treatments. The biggest obstacles reported related to time, cost, location for training, demographic mismatch with resources and difficulty finding resources. New trainees are not given evidence-based training nor supervision experiences, either. Participants in the study requested greater access to existing resources. Handouts, journals, training modules, and workshops (Meyer, et al., 2019).   Meyer, A. E., Reilly, E. E., Daniel, K. E., Hollon, S. D., Jensen-Doss, A., Mennin, D. S., … Teachman, B. A. (2019). Characterizing evidence-based practice and training resource barriers: A needs assessment. Training and Education in Professional Psychology. doi:10.1037/tep0000261.supp (Supplemental)

Aging Adult

Aging Adult Case Study

A 68-year-old client lives alone and is independent with all ADLs, has no restrictions for mobility, and is competent, and oriented x4. The client is on a fixed income, but has enough to manage a modest lifestyle. The client has family and social supports but is very independent and is proud of her self-reliance. The client’s height is 5’ 6”, weight is 210 lb. / 95.25 kg.

Please answer the following:

  • What is the client’s BMI?
  • Identify what screening tools you would use to assess nutritional and exercise knowledge, and why?
  • Identify two client outcomes that are reasonable, measurable and realistic
  • Identify 3 nursing interventions for each client outcome and give rationales
  • Identify what weakness in the client’s life and supports may be impacting the client’s activity and diet?
  • What referrals would you make and why?
  • Identify your references in APA format. Use references not just opinion.

Assignment Expectations:

Length: 1500 to 1750 words in length

Structure: Include a title page and reference page in APA format.  These do not count towards the minimum word count for this assignment. Your essay must include an introduction and a conclusion.

References: Use appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions. A minimum of two (2) scholarly sources are required for this assignment.