Biology And Technology In The Real World

DUE April 26, 2015

Written Assignment: Biology and Technology in the Real World

Addresses course outcomes 1-4:

·         recognize and explain how the scientific method is used to solve problems

·         make observations and discriminate between scientific and pseudoscientific explanations

·         weigh evidence and make decisions based on strengths and limitations of scientific knowledge and the scientific method

·         use knowledge of biological principles, the scientific method, and appropriate technologies to ask relevant questions, develop hypotheses, design and conduct experiments, interpret results, and draw conclusions

1. Select one of the topics listed below.

2. Find at least two information sources related to the topic.

3. Write a 750-1500 word paper, excluding references and title page. You must read the information sources that you find and summarize the information in your own words, addressing each of the questions and expectations for your chosen topic. Extensive quotes from the article are discouraged. Use APA style for citing references

4. Post your assignment to your Assignments folder by the due date listed in the course schedule.

Topics (select one)

a) Genetically modified organisms (GMOs). What is the purpose genetic engineering of crop plants and domestic animals? Briefly explain how GMOs are created. What foods in your supermarket contain GMOs? Are foods that contain GMOs safe for human consumption? What types of regulations exist for these foods? Clearly explain your reasoning for each answer. The following website from FDA regarding GMO regulation may be helpful: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm352067.htm

b) Stem cells. Your friend had a spinal cord injury after a bad car accident. The medical team has decided that he is a good candidate for a clinical trial using stem cell therapy. Your friend has not had a biology course since high school, so you decide to write him a letter sharing your knowledge of stem cells. Include in your letter a description of the biology of stem cells and how these cells are unique from other cells. Contrast the different types of stem cells, including pros and cons of each. Explain how stems cells are can be used to treat diseases and injury, with special focus on spinal cord injuries. Conclude with your own opinion. The following website from NIH regarding stem cell research will be very helpful: http://stemcells.nih.gov/index.asp.

 

c) Fracking (hydraulic fracturing) and tar sands (oil sands).  With society’s dependence on nonrenewable fossil fuels, the oil & gas industry is turning to the use of hydraulic fracturing and tar (oil) sands to extract natural gas and oil respectively.  A friend asks you “What’s all this controversy in the news about fracking and tar sands?”  Briefly explain to your friend how hydraulic fracturing and tar (oil) sands are used to obtain these fossil fuels. Then, in more detail, describe the environmental problems that may result from these processes and why they are controversial. Issues that may be addressed involves, but are not limited to, water, air and soil pollution, effects on human health, effects on other species and natural ecosystems. Finally, give your opinions on possible solutions to these environmental problems, with your reasoning backed by the references that you studied. The following websites from EPA may be helpful: http://www2.epa.gov/hydraulicfracturing

DQ102 RESPONSE

Anne Kolsky    3 posts   Re: Topic 10 DQ 2  Importance of EBP for BSN-RN  Sustainability of evidence-based practice has waned. One thing I have noticed in my workplace is that people (including myself) tend to take the path of least resistance. “It’s easier to…” My mentor and I have had many conversations about this. It’s easier to just give a ‘Band-Aid or bag of ice’ then take the time to assess the situation and treat appropriately. Another example, comparing my last workplace to current, one striking difference is stock medications. We did not give out or stock any kind of medication in the former. My new workplace not only stocks but does not require a doctor’s order to administer. Although it is more work, I insist on an order for stock medications. I also call the parent before giving, as appropriate. It is my license and it is for the safety of the students that are at stake.  I have already had conversations with staff and nursing staff about these practices.  Although they know the risks, they are choosing to keep status quo for themselves.  Of 6 nurses on staff, there is one other that holds similar practice.  She stated at our last meeting that “Kids come down asking for a Tylenol, just to get out of class.”  She made it clear that without an order and parent permission, she will not give out any medications.     Another difference noted is charting practices. Currently, other nurses use a one word drop down menu to chart. SOAP notes are not done consistently. I will continue to make notes. I will continue to chart more fully. It has saved my skin more than once when a student, a teacher, or even a parent will claim that “the nurse didn’t do anything.” It gives such good data for what is trending with that student, why wouldn’t one want to do that? I understand that the office is super busy, but so is the courtroom. I’m not here to make friends, I’m here to do my job.   Another practice I will continue to implement, but with a new perspective, are the various screenings given to students. I will make a more concerted effort to make sure the student and family is aware of all the services available. In my former workplace, I compiled a list of resources for families. I need to make a new one for this community. I have a new perspective towards screenings and a fuller understanding of how important these are in the bigger picture.  In the study by Meyer, et al., (2019) of 1,600 clinicians only 51 reported no obstacles to implementing new treatments. The biggest obstacles reported related to time, cost, location for training, demographic mismatch with resources and difficulty finding resources. New trainees are not given evidence-based training nor supervision experiences, either. Participants in the study requested greater access to existing resources. Handouts, journals, training modules, and workshops (Meyer, et al., 2019).   Meyer, A. E., Reilly, E. E., Daniel, K. E., Hollon, S. D., Jensen-Doss, A., Mennin, D. S., … Teachman, B. A. (2019). Characterizing evidence-based practice and training resource barriers: A needs assessment. Training and Education in Professional Psychology. doi:10.1037/tep0000261.supp (Supplemental)

Aging Adult

Aging Adult Case Study

A 68-year-old client lives alone and is independent with all ADLs, has no restrictions for mobility, and is competent, and oriented x4. The client is on a fixed income, but has enough to manage a modest lifestyle. The client has family and social supports but is very independent and is proud of her self-reliance. The client’s height is 5’ 6”, weight is 210 lb. / 95.25 kg.

Please answer the following:

  • What is the client’s BMI?
  • Identify what screening tools you would use to assess nutritional and exercise knowledge, and why?
  • Identify two client outcomes that are reasonable, measurable and realistic
  • Identify 3 nursing interventions for each client outcome and give rationales
  • Identify what weakness in the client’s life and supports may be impacting the client’s activity and diet?
  • What referrals would you make and why?
  • Identify your references in APA format. Use references not just opinion.

Assignment Expectations:

Length: 1500 to 1750 words in length

Structure: Include a title page and reference page in APA format.  These do not count towards the minimum word count for this assignment. Your essay must include an introduction and a conclusion.

References: Use appropriate APA style in-text citations and references for all resources utilized to answer the questions. A minimum of two (2) scholarly sources are required for this assignment.

Academic Success And Professional Development Plan Part 4: Research Analysis

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Architect Daniel Libeskind is credited with saying “To provide meaningful architecture is not to parody history, but to articulate it.” The suggestion is that his work does not copy the efforts of others but relies on it.

Understanding the work of others is critically important to new work. Contributions to the nursing body of knowledge can happen when you are able to analyze and articulate the efforts of previous research. Research analysis skills are therefore critical tools for your toolbox.

In this Assignment, you will locate relevant existing research. You also will analyze this research using a tool helpful for analysis.

To Prepare:

Reflect on the strategies presented in the Resources this Module’s Learning Resources in support of locating and analyzing research.

Read one peer-reviewed research article focused on a topic in your specialty field that interests you.

Review the article you selected and reflect on the professional practice use of theories/concepts described by the article.

The Assignment:

Using the “Module 4 | Part 4” section of your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template presented in the Resources, conduct an analysis of the elements of the research article you identified. Be sure to include the following:

Your topic of interest:  The effect of anxiety and depression on completion/withdrawal status in patients admitted to substance abuse detoxification program.

References

Araujo, L., Goldberg, P., Eyma, J., Madhusoodanan, S., Buff, D. D., Shamim, K., & Brenner, R. (1996). The effect of anxiety and depression on completion/withdrawal status in patients admitted to substance abuse detoxification program. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment13(1), 61–66. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost-com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mnh&AN=8699544&site=ehost-live&scope=site

A correctly formatted APA citation of the article you selected, along  A correctly formatted APA citation of t

  • A correctly formatted APA citation of the article you selected, along with link or search details.
  • Identify a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article.
  • Analysis of the article using the “Research Analysis Matrix” section of the template
  • Write a 1-paragraph justification stating whether you would recommend this article to inform professional practice.
  • Write a 2- to 3-paragraph summary that you will add to your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan that includes the following:
    • Describe your approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research.
    • Identify at least two strategies that you would use that you found to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research.
    • Identify at least one resource you intend to use in the future to find peer-reviewed research.

Note: Add your work for this Assignment to the original document you began in the Module 1 Assignment, which was built from the Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template.he article you selected, along with link or search details.

Identify a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article.

Analysis of the article using the “Research Analysis Matrix” section of the template

Write a 1-paragraph justification stating whether you would recommend this article to inform professional practice.

Write a 2- to 3-paragraph summary that you will add to your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan that includes the following:

Describe your approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research.

Identify at least two strategies that you would use that you found to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research.

Identify at least one resource you intend to use in the future to find peer-reviewed research.

Note: Add your work for this Assignment to the original document you began in the Module 1 Assignment, which was built from the Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template.The effect of anxiety and depression o K., & Brenner, R. (1996). The effect of anxiety and depression on completion/withdrawal status in patients admitted to substance abuse detoxification program. Journal Of Substance Abuse Treatment13(1), 61–66. Retrieved from https://&AN=8699544&site=ehost-live&scA correctly formatted APA citation of the article you selected, along with link or search details.

 

  • attachment

    USW1_NURS_6003_AcademicandProfessionalSuccessDevelopmentPlanTemplate3.docx

Health Assessment

Post an explanation of the specific socioeconomic, spiritual, lifestyle, and other cultural factors associated with the patient you were assigned. Explain the issues that you would need to be sensitive to when interacting with the patient, and why. Provide at least five targeted questions you would ask the patient to build his or her health history and to assess his or her health risks.

Case #2

EB is a 68-year-old black female who comes in for follow-up of hypertension. She has glaucoma and her vision has been worsening during the past few years. She lives alone and is prescribed four hypertension medications (Hydralazine 50 mg PO Q8H, Metoprolol XL 200 mg PO Q12H, Lisinopril 40 mg PO daily, and HCTZ 25mg PO daily ). She brings in her medication bottles and she has some medication bottles from the previous year full of medications. She is missing one medication she had been prescribed and says she may have forgotten it at home. Her BP in clinic today is 182/99 with HR of 84.

  • attachment

    joewk2healthassess.docx

Principles And Theories Of Ethics

Assignment:

Complete both case studies:

1. Apply Guido’s MORAL model to resolve the dilemma presented in the case study described in EXERCISE 4–3 (Guido textbook). How might the nurses in this scenario respond to the physician’s request? How would this scenario begin to cause moral distress among the nursing staff, and what are the positive actions that the nurses might begin to take to prevent moral distress?

2. Read the case study entitled You be the Ethicist, presented at the end of Chapter 3 (Guido textbook). What are the compelling rights that this case addresses? Whose rights should take precedence? Does a child (specifically this competent 14-year-old) have the right to determine what will happen to him? Should he ethically have this right? How would you have decided the outcome if his disease state had not intervened? Now, examine the scenario from the perspective of health care policy. How would you begin to evaluate the need for the policy and the possible support or lack of support for the policy from your peers, nursing management, and others who might be affected by the policy? Do the 10 framework questions outlined by Malone in chapter 4 (Guido textbook) assist in this process? Create a process proposal for the organization with possible guidelines, procedures, and policies to address the issues you have identified.

Intermediate Medical Coding

1.Dr. Hansen, an orthopedist, is seeing Andrew, a 72 year old established male patient today who has complaints of severe knee pain in both knees and repeated falls over the past 2 months. Dr. Hansen completes a detailed history and exam with medical decision making of moderate complexity, including X-rays of each knee which show worsening osteoarthritis. Because the patient has been experiencing repeated falls, Dr. Hansen provides the patient with an adjustable tripod cane with instructions for safe use. Dr. Hansen recommends the patient begin taking OTC glucosamine chondroitin sulfate, anti-inflammatories for pain as needed, and schedules the patient for a follow up appointment in one month.  E&M code:______________________________

ICD-10-CM code: ________________________

ICD-10-CM code: ________________________

CPT code: ______________________________

HCPCS code: ___________________________

2. Andrew returned for his follow up visit last week with increased pain and edema in his right knee and was scheduled for an arthroscopy. He presents to the surgical center today for a right knee diagnostic arthroscopy with synovial biopsy. Anesthesia is being performed on this 72-year-old male patient by a CRNA with medical supervision by a physician. Other than osteoarthritis, Andrew has essential hypertension, which is well-controlled. Postoperatively the patient was placed in a prefabricated canvas longitudinal knee immobilizer.  CPT:___________________________________

Anesthesia: _____________________________

Concurrent Care Modifier: __________________

Physical Status Modifier: ___________________  HCPCS:_____________________________

Bio

Part 1

I would like you to research one adaptation for 5 plants and 5 animals (can be any type of adaptation that allows that species to survive and reproduce) and write a few sentences explaining each one (does not have to be long). You need to include the name and a picture of each plant and animal you write about.

For example …

1) Male peacock -> Insert picture of a male peacock.

Adaptation: Male peacocks grow very long bright feathers in order to attract females. This is an indication of fitness and shows how healthy and strong they are. It also helps them survive because predators are scared of the long multicolored feathers.

2) Sunflower -> Insert picture of a sunflower

Adaption: Sunflowers have very flat and wide leaves. This allows them to absorb the most amount of sunlight possible and make enough glucose through photosynthesis.

Part 2

Research and briefly explain the following terms in your own words (You can not copy and paste or use another person’s descriptions) …

1. Native vs invasive plant species

2. Explain how an anamorphosis species can affect native plants and animals

3. Abiotic vs biotic factors

4. Co-evolution

5. Convergent evolution

Brief information about Edgewood Park: can be anything

7. Bay checkerspot butterfly: information about it and why it is endagered

8. Serpentine soil

9. How to recognize poison oak

10. Adaptions to nutrient poor soil

Reaction Paper Based On An Article That Must Be Read.

Instructions for Writing your Reaction Papers

Each paper you select to write about should be one of the journal papers that are being read for the course (see the General Course Outline below for a list of papers). It should be submitted at the beginning of class the day the reading is due. Once you have chosen and carefully read an article from one of the above journals, write a 2 page paper (double-spaced, with one-inch margins, 12 point font Times New Roman) answering the following questions about the described experiment(s). Papers should be two FULL pages in length (you may use a third page if necessary). The first page should be focused on summarizing the article, demonstrating full understanding of the content (see items 1-4 below). The second page should be focused on your reaction or response to the paper (see items 5-7 below). Credit will be awarded based on the content and writing of the papers, so be sure to answer the questions to the best of your ability. Again, you will need to write four reaction papers based on the journal articles (NOT the book readings, NOT the Nisbett chapter, and NOT the Busch, Milrod, & Sandberg (2009) reading).

 

  1. What is the purpose of the research? According to the article, what background research had been conducted in this area? What are the hypotheses?
  2. What type of research method was used (e.g., description of subjects, what materials were used, and procedures). Please do this for two studies (you do not need to do it for every study if there are 3 or more, but try to pick studies you think were important for the overall journal article).
  3. Identify the independent variable(s) & dependent variable(s)
  4. What were the main results? How do the results of the current studies support and extend the literature reviewed in the introduction?
  5. How does the research relate to topics that (a) you’ve learned in your course OR (b) apply to your everyday life experiences (be specific)?
  6. What critiques do you have about the article? Were there any problems with the design of the studies? What do you think they could have done better? Did the researchers address them? (Try to go beyond what the researchers say in the article! Not surprisingly, researchers do not always point out all the flaws in their own research.) What ethical issues did the researchers confront? How did they address them?

7.     What experimental question did this article raise for you? That is, if you were going to conduct an experiment on the topic of this article using it as background information, what question would you want to explore? Briefly describe how you would explore your question experimentally. Why would your experiment be important?

 

Discussion

Where can you find evidence to inform your thoughts and scholarly writing? Throughout your degree program, you will use research literature to explore ideas, guide your thinking, and gain new insights. As you search the research literature, it is important to use resources that are peer-reviewed and from scholarly journals. You may already have some favorite online resources and databases that you use or have found useful in the past. For this Discussion, you explore databases available through the Walden Library.

To Prepare:

  • Review the information presented in the Learning Resources for using the Walden Library, searching the databases, and evaluating online resources.
  • Begin searching for a peer-reviewed article that pertains to your practice area and interests you.

Post the following:

Using proper APA formatting, cite the peer-reviewed article you selected that pertains to your practice area and is of particular interest to you and identify the database that you used to search for the article. Explain any difficulties you experienced while searching for this article. Would this database be useful to your colleagues? Explain why or why not. Would you recommend this database? Explain why or why not.